A swine project teaches youth the biology of monogastric animals (which are, in many ways, much like humans) through learning by doing.

The New York State 4-H Swine programs consist of the Empire Market Hog program, the swine breeding program and a variety of educational and competitive activities. All 4-H Swine projects can be completed at county level and at the New York State Fair.

A market hog program may be started with feeder pig(s) weighing about 40-50 pounds. The pigs are then fed for an additional 3 to 3 1/2 months until they are ready for market or showing at the fair. Carcass information can be obtained for evaluation and education.

In a breeding program, start with either purebred or crossbred gilt or sow. A gilt may be selected and reared from a feeder pig and later mated and cared for through gestation and farrowing for the next year’s programs.

Keep complete records of all pigs for program evaluation and personal information.

Participants will learn practical aspects of animal nutrition, care and management, physiology, reproduction, marketing and bookkeeping.


Michelle Chase
4-H Program Educator

Last updated May 11, 2022